Learning and Complex Behavior

Ch. 2

8. “Real-life” examples of classical and operant conditioning

Examples of Conditioning

 Take a look at this humorous example of conditioning in a video posted on Youtube.com.

 http://www.youtube.com/watch ?NR=1&feature=endscreen&v=nE8pFWP5QDM

 [Copy and paste the above URL in your browser if clicking the link does not automatically open the browser.]

 The video appears to be an excerpt from the NBC television series “The Office” with Dwight (Rainn Wilson) as the “subject” and Jim (John Krasinski) as the “experimenter.”

As you look at the video, consider the following.

1. What events in the video exemplify the contingency studied with the classical procedure?

2. What events in the video exemplify the contingency studied with operant procedure?

3. What events in the procedure exemplify the contingency studied with the discriminated operant procedure?

 4. How is the procedure in the video best described? Justify your choice of either a classical, operant, or discriminated operant procedure?

5. Comment on this example from the viewpoint of the unified reinforcement principle.

 

Here is another example; this one illustrates an application of an operant procedure to bring about a desired behavior in the natural environment.

 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mlFnkTx8PD4

 What is the reinforcer in this case? Was it important to have the steps look like a piano keyboard? Explain.