Learning and Complex Behavior

 Ch. 2. Selection of Behavior

1. Study Questions

2. Classical and Operant Conditioning: Theoretical Considerations (Skinnerís views contrasted with associationism; related to Conditions Required for Selection by Reinforcement, pp. 39 ff)

3. CS-UR Relations and Their Implications (Research demonstrating that the temporal relation of the CS to the UR, not the US, is the critical relation for conditioning in the classical, or Pavlovian, procedure. Thus, conditioning is best conceived as changing the environmental control of behavior with both the classical and operant procedures.)

4. Neural Mechanisms of Reinforcement (Why neural mechanisms of reinforcement are important and a description of some of those mechanisms; related to A Biobehavioral principle of Selection by Reinforcement, pp. 54 ff.)

5. Historical background and future directions of Selectionism (Why it took so long for Darwinís approach to be accepted in biology, and why those same factors now impede acceptance of selection by reinforcement in psychology.)

6. A Video illustrating how Selection Networks operate.

7. Selection-network simulations of several conditioning phenomena

8. Some video examples of classical and operant conditioning with related questions

9. Parallels between natural selection and selection by reinforcement

10. An extended treatment of Pavlovian (Classical) conditioning including some implications for applied behavior analysis

11. Implications of the differences between the classical and operant procedures for theory: associationist and biobehavioral approaches

12. A Video describing the theoretical background, findings, and some of the implications of a Unified Reinforcement Principle